How to Quash False 498a for Parents and Relatives and Get Stay on Trial?
False allegations under Section 498A of the Indian Penal Code (IPC) can have severe consequences not only for the accused but also for their families, particularly the parents. This provision was created with the intention of protecting women from cruelty and harassment in their matrimonial homes, but it has been frequently misused.
When false charges are filed, it can lead to the arrest and imprisonment of the accused, causing immense stress, financial burden, and damage to their reputation. However, the impact isn’t limited to the accused alone; parents, who are often implicated in these cases, suffer as well. They not only witness their child’s distress but also face legal battles, social stigma, and financial strain.
Now at least what you can do is to get your parents out of the False 498a cases.
What are the Legal Grounds And Process for getting parents out of the false 498a?
Vague allegations in a First Information Report (FIR) can pose significant challenges in the legal process and may undermine the fairness of the investigation and subsequent legal proceedings. An FIR is a crucial document that initiates criminal investigations, and it is expected to provide clear and specific details about the alleged offense. When the allegations in an FIR are vague, several issues may arise:
- Lack of Clarity: Vague allegations can make it difficult for law enforcement and the courts to understand the nature of the offense, the individuals involved, and the circumstances surrounding the incident. This lack of clarity can hinder the investigation and the accused’s ability to defend themselves.
- Misinterpretation: Vague allegations can be open to misinterpretation, leading to confusion and potential miscarriages of justice. Without specific information, it may be challenging to determine the true nature of the offense.
- Violation of Due Process: In many legal systems, accused individuals have the right to know the precise nature of the charges against them. Vague allegations can violate this fundamental principle of due process.
- Potential for Abuse: Vague allegations may be used to target individuals with malicious intent or to create legal hurdles for them. This can be a form of harassment or abuse of the legal system.
To address vague allegations in an FIR, it is essential for the accused and their legal representation to challenge the FIR’s validity and request that the allegations be clarified and substantiated. The legal system should ensure that investigations are thorough and fair and that the accused’s rights are protected. In cases where allegations are proven to be baseless or intentionally vague, legal consequences for the accuser may be considered to deter misuse of the FIR process.
So the first step is to find the exact role of the parents and other relatives in the FIR and if the role is Vague then it is a fit case to quash.
Live Case Sagar Gupta Vs Priyanka Gupta Jabalpur High Court
In the case I assisted before the Jabalpur High Court, the allegations against the husband were exclusively related to incidents that occurred in Bhopal, with no specific involvement of the parents mentioned in the FIR. The parents resided in Chhattisgarh and had no direct or apparent role in the events described in the complaint. Recognizing the absence of any legal basis for implicating the parents in the case, the Hon’ble High Court rightly quashed the charges against them. This decision not only upheld the principles of justice and fairness but also emphasized the importance of ensuring that legal proceedings are based on concrete evidence and specific allegations, preventing innocent parties from being unjustly dragged into litigation.
GETTING STAY ON TRIAL
It is important to get a stay on trial in 2nd or third date because if charges are framed then the quashing petition will get infructuos. Therefore Staying on trial is an important aspect and if FIR is lodged then no coercive action for the parents is an essential element to get the same
The greatest harassment for the Husband and his family starts as soon as the 498A charge sheet is filed. You can also go for quashing of charge sheet and also get a stay on trial..
Here you will save harassment while your case is being decided..
In the legal matter at the Bombay High Court, where the wife failed to appear and contest the quashing petition, the court’s decision to stay the entire proceedings is significant for the husband and his family members. This stay order essentially means that they are not required to attend the court or participate in further legal proceedings until the stay is lifted or the case is resolved.
The stay order serves several important purposes:
- Relief from Ongoing Legal Proceedings: The husband and his family members are temporarily relieved from the burden of attending court hearings and dealing with the associated legal processes. This can be a significant relief in terms of time, stress, and expenses.
- Opportunity for Amicable Resolution: The stay order provides an opportunity for the parties to explore alternative dispute resolution methods, such as mediation or negotiation, to reach an amicable settlement without the need for protracted court proceedings.
- Legal Protection: It safeguards the interests of the husband and his family members by preventing any adverse judgments or legal actions from being taken in their absence during the stay period.
- Time for Preparation: The stay order allows the parties more time to prepare their case, gather evidence, and consult with legal counsel if needed.
Overall, the stay order issued by the Bombay High Court offers the husband and his family members a temporary respite from the legal battle and an opportunity to seek a fair and just resolution to the dispute while preserving their legal rights and interests.
False 498a cases are very common in society and a lot of steps have been taken by the Hon’ble Apex Court also to prevent its misuse. Quashing of false 498a is possible but first, you need to know the reason for false 498a
These days false 498a cases gropes all the relatives father, mother sister who may be staying away from the matrimonial home still they become party to 498a.
Here are the reasons wife has filed false 498a cases on your family.
In one of my case in Bangalore. The Karnataka High Court also gave the stay order qua parents
Getting a Stay From the Hon’ble Supreme Court
In the challenging situation involving the husband, his parents, and their pursuit of legal relief, the complexity and intricacies of the Indian legal system have become evident. The initial attempt to seek complete quashing in the High Court indicates their determination to resolve their legal issues efficiently. However, the High Court’s decision to reject their petition posed a significant obstacle.
Subsequently, they decided to escalate the matter to the Supreme Court, which is often considered the highest legal authority in the country. At this point, the strategy shifted, and it was advised to focus on the case involving the parents rather than the husband. This strategic shift demonstrates a calculated approach to securing the best possible outcome.
Two notable case studies, the Kotagiri case and the Fiyazuddin case, serve as illustrative examples of this strategy in action. In the Kotagiri case, the High Court’s initial rejection of the quash petition prompted the parties to turn to the Supreme Court for help. Here, they succeeded in obtaining a stay on the entire trial specifically for the parents. This achievement represents a significant victory in ensuring that the parents are shielded from any immediate legal repercussions.
In the Fiyazuddin case, the strategy of focusing on the case at the Supreme Court level yielded positive results once again. This time, they successfully had the husband removed from the case and ensured that no coercive actions would be taken against the parents and relatives. This outcome is indicative of a well-executed legal strategy that prioritizes the best interests of the parents while navigating the complexities of the Indian legal system.
These case studies highlight the importance of adaptability and strategic thinking when dealing with legal challenges in India. They also underscore the significance of seeking relief at the highest judicial level when necessary, in this case, the Supreme Court, to secure the most favorable outcomes.
Here is a brief summary of my quashing experience before various High Courts of Country…
Supreme court Judgements Must use in Quashing for relatives
n case of Kamlesh Kalra and Ors. vs. Shilpika Kalra and Ors. (24.04.2020 – SC) court are of the opinion that the allegations of the complainant wife with regard to non-return of the Stridhan articles and the charges Under Section 406 against the husband and his relatives are not sustainable in law. It clearly appears that the filing of the criminal complaint is a pressure tactic, having been employed by the complainant wife against her husband, mother-in-law, brother-in-law and sister-in-law, which is clearly an abuse of the process of Court, and is liable to be quashed in toto.
In case of Kahkashan Kausar and Ors. vs. State of Bihar and Ors. (08.02.2022 – SC) wife has instituted a criminal complaint against her husband and his relatives alleging demand for dowry and harassment. Court took cognizance for the offense under Section 498A, 323 Indian Penal Code against the husband and issued summons. This dispute was eventually resolved and subsequently, a another written complaint for registration of FIR against her husband and the Appellants herein alleging Accused of pressurizing the Respondent wife to purchase a car as dowry, and threatened to forcibly terminate her pregnancy if the demands were not met. Aggrieved, the Husband and relatives sought quashing of FIR which was dismissed vide impugned judgment by the High Court. Hence, the present appeal in Supreme Court of India.
Held, while allowing the Appeal SC stated that-
Court has at numerous instances expressed concern over the misuse of Section 498A Indian Penal Code and the increased tendency of implicating relatives of the husband in matrimonial disputes, without analysing the long term ramifications of a trial on the complainant as well as the Accused. Court by way of its judgments has been warned from proceeding against the relatives and in-laws of the husband when no prima facie case is made out against them.
Upon a perusal of the contents of the FIR, it is revealed that general allegations are leveled against the relatives.
Therefore, upon consideration of the relevant circumstances and in the absence of any specific role attributed to the Accused Appellants, it would be unjust if the Appellants are forced to go through the tribulations of a trial, i.e., general and omnibus allegations cannot manifest in a situation where the relatives of the complainant’s husband are forced to undergo trial. A criminal trial leading to an eventual acquittal also inflicts severe scars upon the Accused, and such an exercise must therefore be discouraged.
In view of the above facts and discussions, the impugned order is set aside and FIR quashed in this matter.
In case of Ravinder Kumar and Ors. vs. State of Himachal Pradesh and Ors. (03.01.2020 – HPHC) Present petition seeks quashing of FIR registered against petitioner for offences under Sections 498A, 354, 406 and 34 of IPC. The question is whether FIR impugned herein need to be quashed or not? Held, inherent power with High Court to quash criminal proceedings and FIR – Quashing allowed even in cases which are not compoundable. Power to quash to be exercised with great caution and sparingly. If allegations made are absurd, quashing justified. Where criminal proceeding manifestly attended with mala fide it must be set aside. In present case, no iota of averments or allegations to attract offences as alleged. Continuation of proceedings would tantamount to abuse of process of law. FIR qua present petitioner quashed and set aside.
In case of Nitin Garg vs. State of U.P. and Ors. (06.01.2022 – ALLHC), petiiton is filed under Section 482 of Cr.P.C. for quashing of FIR filed under Sections 498A, 323 and 506 of IPC and Quashing of charge-sheet and stay of the criminal proceedings. Marriage of the victim solemnised with the applicant on 3.12.2003. Her allegation that accused persons attempted to commit rape upon her. Her husband tried to strangulate her on two occasions. Parties settled their matrimonial dispute before the Supreme Court Mediation Centre on 16.11.2018. Parties have mutually settled of their own free will and a decree under Section 13-B of the Hindu Marriage Act has been passed by the Principal Family Court. In view of the settlement and keeping the position of law in this regard cognizance order dated 7.11.2017 has been taken and FIR is quashedand petition for quashing is allowed by the court.
In case of Gaurav Vij and Ors. vs. State of NCT of Delhi and Ors. (07.09.2021 – DELHC) present petition is filed under Section 482 of Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC), for quashing of charges under Sections 498A, 306, 201 and 34 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC). The question is whether present petition needs interference. Delhi High Court held that, allegation levelled in suicide note are vague. Petitioners at no time instigated, provoked deceased to commit suicide. Suicide note not capable of being viewed as material for offence. Section 107 IPC not satisfied therefore, no case made in section 306 IPC. Hence, FIR quashed in this matter and Petition is allowed.
In case of Jaimeet Singh Kalra and Ors. vs. State and Ors. (02.06.2022 – DELHC), Criminal – petition is filed for Quashing of FIR under Section 482 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1973 (CrPC). Alleged offences punishable under sections 498A/406/376/34 of Indian Penal Code, 1860 (IPC). Parties living separately due to matrimonial differences and there Disputes settled by way of settlement. Whether in exercise of inherent powers subject FIR also pertaining for non-compoundable offences could be quashed? Court held that, extraordinary power to be exercised sparingly and with great care and caution. Power of compounding and quashing of criminal proceedings in exercise of inherent powers not equal or inter-changeable in law. Parties settled their disputes vide settlement and agreed to dissolve their marriage by mutual consent and also endingtheir pending litigation. Lodging of FIR was outcome of matrimonial discord. In given facts and circumstances, there is remote and bleak possibility of conviction. Petition accordingly allowed and subject FIR quashed.
Adv. Nitish Banka