Infringement of Patents Explained…..

What to do when a patent granted is infringed by some other party who for its corporate gains is using your products for a commercial purpose and hence giving you a competition in the market in a market in which you should have a monopoly.

The remedy for above problem is to file an Infringement suit. Here are the essentials which a corporate must keep in mind before proceeding for an Infringement suit.

1. Jurisdiction.

s 104 of the Indian patents act says that the suit of Infringement must be filed in a court not lower than district court. But where the defendant takes a plea or a counter claim of “Revocation of the Patent” then the district court looses its jurisdiction and the suit is transferred to the High court. It is most likely that the suit may be transferred to High court as the defenses available to defendant is that of Revocation of patent and in these circumstances he would most likely to claim revocation of patent. Therefore there is a most likely chance that the suit will be transferred to the High court.

2. S 104 A says about the burden of proof in infringement proceedings, It is on the defendant to prove that alleged invention was not infringed. As it is difficult to proove infringement than to disapprove it. That’s why this onus is on defendant.

3. Remedies from the court-: The court can give following remedies for an infringement proceedings-:

a) Temporary Injunction.

b) Permanent Injunction.

c) Monetary damages.

However to claim temporary injunction the plaintiff has to satisfy the court on 3 grounds.

1. There is a prima facie case of infringement-: This can be proved by the evidence generated by the plaintiff here ownership of patent does not establish that there is a prima facie case of infringement, the plaintiff has to show by evidence that how defendant are using their product.

2. Balance of convenience is in favor of plaintiff, by this the plaintiff must show that if defendants are using there product that will cause competition where the plaintiff was having a monopoly.The balance of convenience is easier to prove if the patent is 6 yrs older. However if a public interest is involved than the it would become difficult to prove balance of convenience.

3. That the damage of infringement would cause irreparable damage-: The plaintiff must show damages beyond monetary damages.Where a company is new to market with its innovative products such that infringement of its product would severely effect the growth of company or put survival of the company in question.

Infringement of patents is a complex issue, here expert opinion also plays a dominant role. It is more difficult to prove infringment of recent patents than that of older patents a strong infringement suit and carefully drafted claim is the key.

Procedure for Transfer of ownership of Vehicle Delhi

The transfer of ownership of a vehicle is to be applied in the concerned zonal office where vehicle is already registered and following are the documents to be submitted:-

  1. Registration certificate in original
  2. Form no.29 duly filled in duplicate (attested one copy)
  3. Form no.30 duly filled in duplicate
  4. Attested copy of valid insurance certificate
  5. Attested copy of address proof of purchaser
  6. Attested copy of valid Pollution Under Control Certificate
  7. Prescribed fee along with penalty if the transfer of ownership not applied within 14 days from the date of purchase.
  8. Attested copy of PAN Card or Form 60 & 61(as applicable)

Note: Application should be submitted with in 14 days otherwise penalty of Rs 100/- per month will be charged

Note: Attested copy means photo copy attested by MLA/ Nigam Parshad/ Gazetted officer/ notary/ public.