How to Fight False 498a-A complete Guide
498a is filed by wife just to harass you.
False 498a cases are very common in the society and lot of steps has been taken by Hon’ble Apex court also to prevent its misuse. Quashing of false 498a is possible but first you need to know the reason for false 498a
These days false 498a cases gropes all the relatives father, mother sister who may be staying away from the matrimonial home still they become party to 498a.
Here are the reasons wife has filed false 498a cases on your family.
Your wife may be after your money wants to harass you and your family in false 498a cases. Because mental harassment can cause you settle at a very handsome amount.
2.You refused to give her divorce
If you have refused to give him/her divorce then you may definitely face proceedings under false 498a and 406 and now 377 IPC are common.
3. Pressure from her relatives
Matrimonial discords are common in marriages sometimes relatives make it a bigger issue. Negative relatives can lead to false 498a cases.
4. She has an affair
if wife having an affair somewhere else and you got to know then also wife can put these false cases for only reason called harassment so that you may not be able prosecute her for adultery.
What happens in false 498a cases
Police calls in false 498a cases
You receive a call from the police station and on the other line there is an Investigating officer is on the other side of the line.For one moment panic strikes you and you come to know that your wife has lodged a false 498a case against you and your family.
The Io asks you to visit police station so called CAW cell.
When you go and visit CAW cell harassment starts poring in the IO and other mediators starts pressurizing you to settle the matter. You gain strength and refuse to settle the matter and comes back to your home.
Then again you receive the call from the CAW cell to come and join then again then again….
Reasons for harrasment
These calls from CAW cell are against the law and just meant to harass you. Even if you join the mediation process and attend N number of dates present defence evidence to the IO. Still the CAW complaint gets converted into FIR and these calls fails to stop…
The reason for such calls is done with clear motive of harassment and put pressure to settle the issue with estranged wife and if you fail to settle then FIR is converted.
How to deal with police harassment.
As per the Delhi High Court Judgement they have prescribed certain guidelines which is envisaged under Section 41A of CrPC that a written notice with prescribed format has to be sent to the accused while summoning him to appear before IO. So if IO calls the accused i.e husband and relatives of the husband by making a mobile call that is impermissible as per law.
Anticipatory bail in 498a
Anticipatory bail in 498a is advisable and recommended
A family comes under pressure when they come to know that a FIR under section 498a has been lodged in police station.
The first cause of stress is call be Investigating Officer to join investigation to old parents, husband, husband sister or brother.
The trauma is whether they can be arrested or not.
It is not advisable to visit investigating officer without protection from the court this protection is termed as Anticipatory Bail.
The process of getting Anticipatory Bail in 498a
The chances of getting bail under 498a is quite high as I have already discussed in detail in one of my articles
The conditions of anticipatory bail are not very stringent but if they are stringent it can always be challenged. I have discussed in detail the conditions Conditional Anticipatory Bail
Now as per the judgement of 498a under Rajesh Sharma versus State of Uttar Pradesh. there is a stay on automatic arrest in the cases of 498a. But this judgement is challenge in higher bench and revisit the judgement.
Judgement on 41A by Delhi High Court
(i) Police officers should be mandatorily required to issue notices under Section 41A Cr.P.C (in the prescribed format) formally to be served in the manner and in accordance with the terms of the provisions contained in Chapter VI of the Code. Model…
Dismissal of false 498a cases(Quashing)
Quash false 498a -Vague allegations in Fir The case of 498a can be quashed when there are vague the allegations in the FIR. A FIR is a first document on which whole investigation and chargesheet is based.
Stages of 498a
Chargesheet Stage in 498a and Framing of charge as well as Discharge.
After completion of investigation police will file charge sheet at this stage evidence of the police has to be seen. If there is no evidence or contradictory evidence then you can seek discharge.
Argument on discharge is an important stage in fighting false 498a.
If there is no statements of witnesses or no medical evidence then you may argue on discharge.
Prosecution Evidence and Defence Evidence as well as Cross examination
Evidence-based prosecution’ (sometimes termed “victimless prosecution”) refers to a collection of techniques utilized by prosecutors in domestic violence cases to convict abusers without the cooperation of an alleged victim. It is widely practiced within the American legal system by specialized prosecutors and state’s attorneys and relies on utilizing a variety of evidence to prove the guilt of an abuser with limited or adverse participation by the abuser’s victim, or even no participation at all.
Cross-examination of a person called to produce a document (S. 139):
A person summoned to produce a document does not become a witness, by the mere fact that he produces it, and cannot be cross-examined, unless and until he is called as a witness.
A witness summoned merely to produce a document does not become a witness for purposes of cross-examination, since he may either attend the Court personally or may even depute any person to produce the document in Court.
A witness may be cross-examined as to previous statements made by him in writing (or reduced into writing), and relevant to matters in question, without such writing being shown to him, or being proved. However, if it is intended to contradict him by the writing, his attention must, before the writing can be proved, be called to those parts of it which are to be used for the purpose of contradicting him.
Final Arguments and Judgement Stage
concluding statement of each party’s counsel reiterating the important arguments for the trier of fact, often the jury, in a court case. A closing argument occurs after the presentation of evidence. A closing argument may not contain any new information and may only use evidence introduced at trial. It is not customary to raise objections during closing arguments, except for egregious behavior. However, such objections, when made, can prove critical later in order to preserve appellate issues.